A Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialist is an individual who has completed a Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowship after completing an Obstetrics and Gynecology residency upon graduation from Medical School. The Fellowship training provides additional education and experience to gain special competence in various obstetrical, medical, and surgical complications of pregnancy. The MFM sub-specialist provides care and consultation for both mother and fetus (unborn baby) in a complicated pregnancy. In addition, he/she provides education and research concerning the most recent approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrical problems thus promoting awareness of the diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for optimal management of these complicated pregnancies.